G7 Japan

November 22, 2023

The Road to the G7 Summit in Italy in June 2024,
22 November 2023

The G7 summit in Hiroshima, led by Japan and concluded in May 2023, marked a significant political milestone. The Leaders’ Communiqué from this event reflects a remarkable unity and decisiveness among the seven major democratic powers and the European Union. They tackled a comprehensive range of issues with a newfound cohesiveness.

Notably, countries invited as guests, including India and Brazil, played a pivotal role as strategic allies, contributing actively to the resolution of complex global challenges. These included support for Ukraine, addressing tensions in China-Taiwan and Israel-Palestine relations, and fostering peace and reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan, Sudan, and the Kosovo-Serbia conflict.

A key outcome of the summit was the commitment of the G7 leaders to allocate $600 billion by 2027 for developing countries’ infrastructure, complemented by private investments. This initiative aims to bridge the economic disparity between developing and advanced nations. Additionally, they pledged $100 billion annually from 2020 to 2025 to combat climate change, aligning with the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Other significant commitments included funding to combat hunger and endemic diseases like malaria.

This level of political unity among G7 members is unprecedented in recent times. The global political landscape, previously strained by the previous U.S. Republican presidency and the challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic, has seen a rejuvenation under President Joe Biden’s experienced leadership. His skillful diplomacy has reasserted the United States’ global political influence, though he now faces the challenge of managing the nation’s considerable public debt.

French President Emmanuel Macron seized the opportunity at the G7 summit to propose an industrial plan aimed at reducing dependence on China—a sentiment widely supported across the G7, with some reservations from current EU representatives. Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida highlighted Japan’s multifaceted strengths as Asia’s leading nation. Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, though her time at the summit was cut short due to a crisis in the Emilia-Romagna region, made an impactful appearance. She announced that Puglia would host the 2024 G7 summit, indicating a continuity of focus on geopolitical stabilization, climate change, economic strengthening, and diplomacy.

The scheduling of the next G7 summit in late June 2024 is strategically significant, falling after the European elections but before the appointment of key EU leadership roles. The summit may provide a platform for Italy, Germany, and France to express their concerns over the EU’s stringent climate policies, which they fear might reduce fossil fuel dependence only to increase reliance on Chinese-produced batteries.